A complete list of foreign airlines flying to Russia, as well as using Russian airspace, was presented by experts from the well-known Flightradar24 service. Briefly, the trends are as follows: there are only four European carriers, and two of them are conditionally European, because they are Turkish. Mostly Asia flies to and over Russia, primarily China and the Middle East.
So, according to Flightradar24 calculations, as of August 2023, four airlines from Europe fly through Russian airspace and to Russian destinations. The first place is occupied by two of them - these are Turkish Airlines and Pegasus Airlines.
Air Serbia also continues to fly to four Russian cities: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan and Sochi.
In Asia the picture is different. Here, the country that has the largest number of airlines flying to and through Russia is China. At the same time, companies such as Beijing Capital, China Eastern, China Southern, Air China, Xiamen Air and Hainan Airlines use Russian airspace to reach destinations in Western Europe, which gives them an advantage over European companies.
Also, most of the largest carriers in the Middle East continue to fly to Russia, including the big three – Emirates, Etihad and Qatar Airways. The Israeli carrier El Al continues to fly to Russia.
Other Asian airlines operating flights through Russian airspace are Air Arabia, Sri Lankan, Flydubai, Cham Wings and Uzbekistan Airways.
Africans also fly to Russia – the four main carriers are Royal Air Maroc (Moscow), Egyptair (Moscow), Air Algerie (Moscow/St. Petersburg) and Ethiopian Airlines (Moscow).